- Introduction ::Norfolk IslandBackground:Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.Geography ::Norfolk IslandLocation:Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of AustraliaGeographic coordinates:29 02 S, 167 57 EArea:total: 36 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 235land: 36 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:32 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive fishing zone: 200 nmClimate:subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variationTerrain:volcanic formation with mostly rolling plainsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mount Bates 319 mNatural resources:fishLand use:arable land: 0%permanent crops: 0%other: 100% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:typhoons (especially May to July)Environment - current issues:NAGeography - note:most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situatedPeople and Society ::Norfolk IslandNationality:noun: Norfolk Islander(s)adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)Ethnic groups:descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, PolynesianLanguages:English (official), Norfolk (a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian)Religions:Protestant 45.6% (Anglican 31.8%, Uniting Church in Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%), Roman Catholic 11.5%, other Christian 5.6%, none 19.9%, unspecified 16.6% (2006 census)Population:2,196 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 232Age structure:0-14 years: 20.2%15-64 years: 63.9%65 years and over: 15.9% (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.01% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Sex ratio:NAInfant mortality rate:total: NAmale: NAfemale: NALife expectancy at birth:total population: NAmale: NAfemale: NATotal fertility rate:NAHIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:NAGovernment ::Norfolk IslandCountry name:conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Islandconventional short form: Norfolk IslandDependency status:self-governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and SportGovernment type:NACapital:name: Kingstongeographic coordinates: 29 03 S, 167 58 Etime difference: UTC+11.5 (16.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (territory of Australia)Independence:none (territory of Australia)National holiday:Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)Constitution:Norfolk Island Act 1979; amended 2005Legal system:English common law and the laws of AustraliaSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor generalhead of government: Administrator Neil POPE (since 1 April 2012)cabinet: Executive Council made up of 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia for a two year term and represents the monarch and AustraliaLegislative branch:unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members to serve three-year terms)elections: last held on 13 March 2013 (next to be held in 2016)election results: seats - independents 8; Norfolk Liberals 1Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court of Norfolk Island (consists of the chief justice and NA justices)note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island are heard by the Federal Court of Australiajudge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor general of Australia from among justices of the Federal Court of Australia; justices serve until mandatory retirement at age 70subordinate courts: Petty Court of Sessions; specialized courts including a Coroner's Court and the Employment TribunalPolitical parties and leaders:Norfolk Island Labor Party [Mike KELLY]Norfolk Liberals [John BROWN]Political pressure groups and leaders:noneInternational organization participation:UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (territory of Australia)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (territory of Australia)Flag description:three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band; green stands for the rich vegetation on the island, and the pine tree - endemic to the island - is a symbol of Norfolk Islandnote: somewhat reminiscent of the flag of Canada with its use of only two colors and depiction of a prominent local floral symbol in the central white bandNational symbol(s):Norfolk Island pineNational anthem:name: ""Come Ye Blessed""lyrics/music: New Testament/John Prindle SCOTTnote: the local anthem, whose lyrics consist of the words from Matthew 25:34-36, 40, is also known as ""The Pitcairn Anthem;"" as a territory of Australia, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see Australia), however, the island does not recognize ""Advance Australia Fair""Economy ::Norfolk IslandEconomy - overview:Norfolk Island is suffering from a severe economic downturn. Tourism, the primary economic activity, is the main driver of economic growth. The agricultural sector has become self sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.GDP (purchasing power parity):$NAAgriculture - products:Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultryIndustries:tourism, light industry, ready mixed concreteLabor force:978 (2006)country comparison to the world: 230Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 6%industry: 14%services: 80% (2006 est.)Budget:revenues: $4.6 millionexpenditures: $4.8 million (FY99/00)Fiscal year:1 July - 30 JuneExports:$NAExports - commodities:postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocadosImports:$NAImports - commodities:NADebt - external:$NAExchange rates:Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar -0.9658 (2012)0.9695 (2011)1.0902 (2010)1.2822 (2009)1.2059 (2008)Communications ::Norfolk IslandTelephone system:general assessment: adequatedomestic: free local callsinternational: country code - 672; submarine cable links with Australia and New Zealand; satellite earth station - 1Broadcast media:1 local radio station; broadcasts of several Australian radio and TV stations available via satellite (2009)Internet country code:.nfInternet hosts:128 (2012)country comparison to the world: 204Transportation ::Norfolk IslandAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 228Airports - with paved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Roadways:total: 80 kmcountry comparison to the world: 216paved: 53 kmunpaved: 27 km (2008)Ports and terminals:KingstonMilitary ::Norfolk IslandMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of AustraliaTransnational Issues ::Norfolk IslandDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Norfolk Island — Australian island in the SW Pacific, east of New South Wales: 13 sq mi (34 sq km); pop. 2,000 … English World dictionary
Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island Norfolk Island … Wikipedia
Norfolk Island — an island in the S Pacific between New Caledonia and New Zealand: a territory of Australia. 1683; 13 sq. mi. (34 sq. km). * * * Norfolk Island Introduction Norfolk Island Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal… … Universalium
Norfolk Island — Île Norfolk Pour les articles homonymes, voir Norfolk. Île Norfolk Norfolk Island (en) … Wikipédia en Français
Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island Norfuk Ailen Territorium Norfolkinsel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Norfolk Island — /nɔfək ˈaɪlənd/ (say nawfuhk uyluhnd) noun an external territory of Australia situated about 1700 km east north east of Sydney, NSW; former penal settlement. about 8 km long and 5 km wide. –Norfolk Islander /ˌnɔfək ˈaɪləndə/ (say .nawfuhk… … Australian English dictionary
Norfolk Island — noun /ˈnɔː.fək ˈaɪ.lənd,ˈnɔɹ.fɔk ˈaɪ.lənd/ External territory of Australia, in the Pacific Ocean. Official name: Territory of Norfolk Island … Wiktionary
NORFOLK ISLAND — a small precipitous island in the Western Pacific, midway between New Caledonia and New Zealand, 400 m. NW. of the latter; its inhabitants, many of whom came from Pitcairn Island, and now less than 1000, govern themselves under the… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Norfolk Island — noun an island territory of Australia in the Pacific Ocean off the eastern coast of Australia; formerly a British penal colony • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑Australia, ↑Commonwealth of Australia … Useful english dictionary
Norfolk Island — geographical name island S Pacific between New Caledonia & New Zealand; administered by Australia area 13 square miles (34 square kilometers), population 1912 … New Collegiate Dictionary